Gender Disparities Among Adult Recipients of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Public
WHAT IS KNOWN
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) improves survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, yet BCPR rates are low.
It is unknown whether BCPR delivery disparities exist based on victim gender.
WHAT THE STUDY ADDS
Analyzing data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (n=19 331), layperson BCPR was administered in 37% of events; males had an increased likelihood of receiving BCPR compared with females in public locations (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.05–1.53; P=0.01). Furthermore, males had a 23% increased odds of survival compared with females (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.12–1.36; P<0.01).
These findings identify an important gender disparity in the public response to cardiac arrest and delivery of CPR, a crucial factor that is linked to survival outcomes.
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